The Sanro-den kake-zukuri Prayer Hall in Ōzu, Ehime Prefecture, Shikoku Japan
Not many kake-zukuri buildings survived in Japan today, perhaps the most famous is the main hall of the Kiyomizu-dera (Buddhist temple) situated in the foothills of the eastern mountains of Kyoto City. Kiyomizu-dera sits on the edge of a steep, thirteen metre slope, and is supported by wooden pillars. As with most temples, shrines and pagodas in Japan no nails were used in its construction, resulting in structures that are flexible and therefore more likely to survive an earthquake.
The World Monuments Fund reports recently that –
Within the compound of the Shinto shrine to Sukunahikona in Ōzu, on the island of Shikoku, lies the sanro-den or private prayer hall. Sukunahikona was an important dwarf deity, associated with the creation of Japan and many human arts, including the art of medicine. The sanro-den was constructed in 1934 in the sacred precinct, following the traditional kake-zukuri, or overhang, style, supported on scaffolding over a steep slope. It is one of few twentieth-century kake-zukuri buildings in Japan, with all but a tenth of the structure dramatically suspended on a frame of long and slender timber posts. The interior consists of a single large room, glazed on all sides, which was used for many decades for religious ceremonies and community gatherings.
After the shrine closed, following a gradual decline in the community of followers of Sukunahikona, citizens of Ōzu formed a volunteer group with the aim of preserving and maintaining the historic monuments. But the sanro-den is in a poor condition—until recently, water used to leak into the interior of the structure—and an expert committee has been formed to oversee its restoration and repairs. In addition to repairs to the roof and walls, some of the supporting posts are exhibiting signs of rotting and will need to be replaced. The successful restoration of the sanro-den will expand knowledge of kake-zukuri architecture, both ancient and modern, and will allow this special place to become a venue for community gatherings once again. Advocates are hopeful that the restoration will engage the nearby community to maintain the site on a regular basis, and will provide the impetus for the rest of the monuments of the compound to be restored.
More here.